Understanding What Is Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) and How to Improve It

Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight can be challenging sometimes, but understanding your resting metabolic rate (RMR) and how to improve it can make it a lot easier. RMR is the number of calories burned by your body burns at rest, which is the amount of energy your body needs to carry out normal bodily functions, such as breathing, circulating blood, and maintaining body temperature. Here's what you need to know about RMR and how to improve it.

Calculating RMR

Calculating your RMR can help you understand how many calories your body burns at rest. There are several methods to calculate RMR, but the most common one is to use an online calculator. These calculators take into account your age, sex, height, weight, and activity level to estimate your RMR.

However, it's essential for you to note that these calculators provide an estimate, and your actual RMR may be slightly different. The most accurate way to measure RMR is through indirect calorimetry, which measures the amount of oxygen used by your body and the amount of carbon dioxide produced by your body to determine the number of calories burned at rest. This test is typically performed in a clinical setting.

Although the tests are performed in a clinical setting, there are some equations you can use to calculate RMR.

Harris-Benedict equation

The Harris-Benedict equation is a mathematical formula that can be used to estimate a person's basal metabolic rate (BMR). The BMR is the number of calories a person burns at rest, meaning that they are not doing any physical activity. The Harris-Benedict equation considers a person's age, sex, height, and weight.

The formula for the Harris-Benedict equation is as follows:

BMR = 66.5 + (13.75 × weight in kilograms) + (5.003 × height in centimeters) - (6.75 × age in years)

So, a 30-year-old woman who is 5 feet 4 inches tall and weighs 150 pounds would have a BMR of 1,465 calories.


Mifflin-St. Jeor equation

The Mifflin-St. Jeor equation is another mathematical formula that can be used to estimate a person's BMR. The Mifflin-St. Jeor equation takes into account a person's age, sex, height, weight, and physical activity level.

The formula is as follows:

BMR = (9.99 × weight in kilograms) + (6.25 × height in centimeters) - (4.92 × age in years) + 5

For example, a 30-year-old woman who is 5 feet 4 inches tall, weighs 150 pounds and has a sedentary lifestyle would have a BMR of 1,411 calories.

But again, it is important to note that these equations are just estimates. The actual number of calories a person burns at rest will vary depending on a number of factors, such as genetics, body composition, and health.


Improving RMR

You can do several things to improve your RMR, and many of them involve making healthy lifestyle choices. Here are some tips to help you improve your RMR:

·       Lose weight: If you are overweight or obese, losing weight can help increase your RMR. This is because excess body fat requires fewer calories to maintain than muscle tissue. Even small amounts of weight loss can improve your RMR.


·       Build muscle mass: Muscle tissue burns more calories at rest than fat tissue, so building muscle can help boost your RMR. Strength training is a great way to build muscle mass. Aim for 2-3 strength training sessions per week.


·       Do cardio training: Cardio training is also important for improving your RMR. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity cardio most days of the week. This can include activities like jogging, cycling, or swimming.



·       Get enough sleep: When you don't sleep enough, your body increases its production of the stress hormone cortisol. Cortisol can increase your appetite and cause weight gain. Aim for 7-8 hours of sleep per night.


·       Eat a healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help boost your RMR. Avoid sugary drinks, processed foods, and excessive quantities of unhealthy and saturated fats. Also, make sure to eat enough protein to support muscle growth and maintenance.



·       Stay hydrated: Drinking enough water can help keep your body functioning properly, including your metabolism. Dehydration can slow down your metabolism and affect your RMR.


·       Don't skip meals: Skipping meals can slow down your metabolism and lower your RMR. Aim to eat regular meals and snacks throughout the day to keep your metabolism revved up.

By following these tips, you can increase your RMR and burn more calories at rest. However, it's important to note that these changes won't happen overnight. It takes time and consistency to improve your RMR and see results.


Although often used interchangeably, there is a subtle difference between resting metabolic rate (RMR) and basal metabolic rate (BMR). While RMR refers to the energy needed for basic bodily functions while at rest, BMR is the energy needed for the body's basic functions when in a completely rested and fasting state. This means that BMR is measured under stricter conditions than RMR, such as a 12-hour fast and no physical activity prior to the test.

Another difference between the two is that RMR typically results in a slightly higher number of calories burned compared to BMR since RMR accounts for some light activity throughout the day. However, for practical purposes, the difference between the two is usually small, and the terms are often used interchangeably in everyday conversation.

To conclude, while RMR and BMR have some differences, they both represent the amount of energy required by the body to function at rest. Understanding your RMR or BMR can be helpful for weight management and overall health goals.

The Bottom Line

Understanding your resting metabolic rate (RMR) and how to improve it can help you maintain a healthy weight and improve your overall health. While there are several ways to calculate RMR, using an online calculator is the easiest and most accessible method. By making healthy lifestyle choices such as losing weight, building muscle, doing cardio, getting enough sleep, eating a healthy diet, staying hydrated, and not skipping meals, you can improve your RMR and burn more calories at rest. Remember, seeing results takes time and consistency, so don't lose hope if you do not see instant results.

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What is Body Mass Index?

What is Body Mass Index?


Body Mass Index (BMI) calculates a person's body fat percentage based on their height and weight. To find out if a person is of normal weight, overweight, underweight, or obese, it is frequently used as a screening tool. BMI is calculated by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by their height in meters squared (BMI = kg/m²).

The standard BMI categories are as follows:

Normal weight: BMI between 18.5 and 24.9

Underweight: BMI below 18.5

Overweight: BMI between 25 and 29.9

Obesity: BMI of 30 or higher

BMI is a useful tool for most adults, but it has its limitations. For example, it does not take into account a person's age, sex, muscle mass, or overall body composition. Therefore, it is possible for a person with a high BMI to be healthy or for a person with a normal BMI to have excess body fat. Let's look into BMI in more detail.

BMI Chart

Here is a BMI chart to help you understand the different BMI categories:



Below 18.5



Normal weight




Obesity class 1


Obesity class 2

40 and above

Obesity class 3



What is BMI Used for?

Despite its limitations, BMI is a useful tool for determining if a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. It is also frequently used to determine a person's risk of acquiring weight-related health issues, such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers, by healthcare professionals, including doctors and nurses.

In addition, the BMI can be used to track alterations in body weight over time. For instance, if a person's BMI drastically rises over time, it may be a sign that they are gaining too much body fat, which could raise their risk of developing health issues.

It's crucial to remember that BMI is only one health indicator and does not account for other elements like muscle mass and body composition or general lifestyle choices. Other evaluations and measurements, such as blood pressure, waist circumference, and blood tests, are frequently used by healthcare professionals to obtain a more precise picture of a patient's health status.

How to Calculate BMI?

BMI is calculated using a simple formula based on a person's height and weight. Here are the steps to calculate your BMI:

1.     Convert your weight into kilograms (kg). You can do this by dividing your weight in pounds by 2.2. For example, if you weigh 150 pounds, the calculation would be 150/2.2 = 68.18 kg.

2.     Convert your height into meters (m). You can do this by dividing your height in inches by 39.37. For example, if you are 5 feet 6 inches tall, the calculation would be (5 x 12 + 6) / 39.37 = 1.68 m.

3.     Square your height in meters. For example, if your height is 1.68 m, the calculation would be 1.68 x 1.68 = 2.82.

4.     Divide your weight in kilograms by the square of your height in meters. For example, if your weight is 68.18 kg and your height is 1.68 m, the calculation would be 68.18 / 2.82 = 24.18.

5.     Round your BMI to one decimal place.

So in this example, the person's BMI would be 24.2, which falls into the "normal weight" category. Alternatively, you can also use online BMI calculators or charts to quickly determine your BMI.

What is a Healthy BMI for Men and for Women?

A healthy BMI range is the same for men and women and falls within the range of 18.5 to 24.9. This indicates that a person's weight is appropriate for their height.

However, the healthy BMI range for children and adolescents is different as they are still growing and developing. The BMI of children and adolescents is compared to age- and sex-specific growth charts to determine if they are within a healthy weight range.

It's important to remember that BMI is just one indicator of health and doesn't take into account other factors such as muscle mass, body composition, and overall lifestyle.

How Can You Maintain a Healthy BMI?

A balanced diet and consistent exercise are necessary to maintain a healthy BMI. The following tips can assist you in maintaining a healthy BMI:

1.     Balanced diet: include plenty of fresh produce, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats in your diet. Foods that are processed and heavy in calories should be avoided as they can cause weight gain.

2.     Watch your portion sizes: Eating a larger portion may make you gain weight. Use smaller portions and be aware of your body's cues of hunger and fullness.

3.     Keep yourself hydrated: By drinking water frequently during the day, it will help you feel full.

4.     Exercise frequently: Spend at least 30 minutes each day engaging in regular physical activity, such as brisk walking, cycling, swimming, or dancing. You can maintain a healthy weight and burn calories by doing this.

5.     Get enough sleep: Not getting enough might cause hormone disruption and weight gain. Sleep for 7-9 hours every night.

6.     Minimize your stress: Staying continuously tense can lead to binge eating and developing obesity. Use stress-reduction methods like yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises.

Remember, keeping a healthy BMI involves more than just getting to a certain weight on the scale. It involves maintaining a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet, frequent exercise, and stress reduction to take care of your body.

What Are the Limitations of BMI?

Despite being a popular tool for determining weight status, BMI has several drawbacks that must be taken into account. The following are some BMI limitations:

1.     Body composition is not considered by BMI, which only considers weight and height and does not distinguish between muscle mass and fat mass. Accordingly, people with a high percentage of muscle mass, like athletes, may have a high BMI but healthy body composition.

2.     BMI may not be acceptable for some populations, including children and adolescents, pregnant women, and older adults, because of potential differences in their body composition and health concerns.

3.     It disregards the distribution and location of body fat. Body fat distribution might be a key sign of potential health problems. Even though their BMI is within the normal range, people with extra belly fat may be more susceptible to diabetes and heart disease.

4.     BMI is a screening tool and cannot give a comprehensive picture of a person's health risks. As a result, it might not accurately reflect health concerns. It may also be necessary to consider additional aspects, such as family history, lifestyle choices, and medical history.

5.     Focusing primarily on BMI can result in body shaming and stigma, which can have detrimental psychological impacts on people. It's critical to tackle weight and health with compassion and holistically.

Overall, BMI should not be used as the only indicator of health risks, even though it can be useful for determining weight status. Based on various variables, a healthcare practitioner can offer a more thorough evaluation of a person's health status.


In conclusion, Body Mass Index (BMI) is a screening tool that measures a person's weight in relation to their height. A healthy BMI falls within the range of 18.5 to 24.9, which indicates that a person's weight is appropriate for their height. However, BMI has limitations, such as not considering body composition, the location of body fat, and certain populations. Maintaining a healthy BMI requires a combination of a healthy diet, regular physical activity, getting enough sleep, and managing stress. While BMI can be useful for assessing weight status, it should not be used as the sole determinant of an individual's health risks. A healthcare professional can provide a more comprehensive assessment of an individual's health status based on multiple factors, including BMI, waist circumference, blood presssure, and blood tests.

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Waist to Hip Ratio

Waist to Hip Ratio

hip.pngWaist to Hip Ratio: An Important Indicator of Overall Health

Have you ever wondered how your waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) impacts your health? It turns out that body fat distribution plays a vital role in determining your overall health and disease risk. WHR is one of the most reliable ways to estimate your body fat distribution and is readily being used as an easy way to predict and prevent chronic diseases caused by obesity.

What is Waist to Hip Ratio (WHR)?

WHR is a way to measure body fat distribution that involves the comparison of the circumference of your waist to the circumference of your hips. You can calculate it by dividing the measurement of the waist by that of the hip. A high WHR indicates that more fat is stored in your abdominal area, which can increase your risk of developing health problems.

Why is the Waist-to-Hip Ratio Important?

Research has proven that to determine the risk of specific health issues, it is important to evaluate the distribution of fat in the body instead of the amount of fat. A high WHR, which indicates excess abdominal fat, has been associated with an increased risk of several health problems, including:

  • Heart disease: Abdominal fat produces hormones and other substances that can cause inflammation, insulin resistance, and other risk factors for heart diseases.
  • Diabetes: Abdominal fat is particularly associated with insulin resistance, a condition in which the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin.
  • Stroke: Excess abdominal fat has been linked to an increased risk of stroke, particularly in women.
  • Cancer: Abdominal fat has been associated with an increased risk of several types of cancer, including breast cancer, colon cancer, and pancreatic cancer.

Ways to Calculate Your WHR

To calculate your WHR, you will need a measuring tape and the following instructions:

  • Stand up straight with your feet together and your arms at your sides.
  • Measure the circumference of your waist at its narrowest point, usually at the belly button.
  • Measure the circumference of your hips at their widest point, usually around the buttocks.
  • Divide the waist measurement by the hip measurement to get your WHR.

For example, if your waist measurement is 30 inches and your hip measurement is 40 inches, your WHR would be 0.75.

Advantages of Using This Method

Using WHR as a tool to assess health risks has several advantages, including:

  • Detecting hidden belly fat: WHR is more accurate than body mass index (BMI) in detecting hidden belly fat, which is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
  • Simplicity: Measuring your waist and hips is a simple and non-invasive method requiring no special equipment.
  • Better prediction of health risks: WHR is a better predictor of health risks than BMI or waist circumference alone.

Disadvantages of Using This Method

Despite its advantages, there are some limitations to using WHR, including:

  • Inability to differentiate between subcutaneous and visceral fat: WHR cannot differentiate between subcutaneous fat (stored under the skin) and visceral fat (stored around internal organs). Visceral fat is more dangerous for your health and can increase your risk of developing health problems.
  • Potential for measurement errors: WHR measurements can be affected by factors such as posture, breathing, and measurement technique.

Interpretation of Results

The ideal WHR values for men and women differ, with men generally having a higher WHR than women. A WHR of less than 0.90 for men and less than 0.85 for women is considered healthy.

Tips to Improve Your WHR

If your WHR is higher than the recommended range, there are several steps you can take to improve it, including:

  • Making dietary changes: Eating a balanced diet low in saturated fat and high in fiber can help you lose weight and reduce your waist circumference.
  • Increasing physical activity: Engaging in regular exercise, such as cardio and strength training, can help you lose weight and reduce your waist circumference.
  • Reducing stress: Chronic stress can contribute to weight gain and belly fat. Finding ways to manage stress, such as through meditation or yoga, can help reduce your waist circumference.

The Bottom Line

In conclusion, we can say that the waist-to-hip ratio is a simple and reliable method for assessing body fat distribution and overall health risks. By measuring your waist and hips and calculating your WHR, you can better understand your body fat distribution and take steps to improve your health. Remember that a healthy waist-to-hip ratio is just one aspect of overall health.

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Basal Metabolic Rate

Basal Metabolic Rate

basameta.pngUnderstanding BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate)

BMR is short for Basal Metabolic Rate. It describes the quantity of energy your body needs to continue performing its essential processes while at rest, such as breathing, maintaining blood flow, and maintaining organ function. It is the amount of energy that your body would expend if you spent the entire day doing nothing but resting.

BMR varies based on factors such as age, gender, height, weight, and muscle mass. It is an important factor to consider when determining how many calories you have to consume daily to maintain, gain or lose weight. Knowing your BMR might assist you in making wise choices regarding your food and fitness routine.

BMR vs Resting Metabolic Rate

BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) and Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) are two terms used interchangeably to refer to the amount of energy your body burns at rest. Still, there is a slight difference between the two.

BMR refers to the energy your body requires to carry out basic functions like cell multiplication, circulation, and breathing, while in a completely rested and fasted state (12 hours after the last meal). In contrast, RMR refers to the energy your body burns at rest but without the fasted state requirement.

The RMR measurement is slightly higher than the BMR measurement because it takes into account the energy used during the digestion and processing of food, which is not included in the BMR. However, for practical purposes, BMR and RMR are often used interchangeably.

Both BMR and RMR are important for weight management because they represent the minimum amount of energy required to keep the body functioning. By knowing your BMR or RMR, you can estimate your daily calorie needs and make informed decisions about your diet and exercise routine.

How to Estimate BMR

There are several formulas that can be used to estimate BMR, although they may not be entirely accurate as they are based on averages and do not take into account individual variations. Here are two commonly used formulas:

Harris-Benedict Equation:

For males, Basal Metabolic Rate = 88.362 + (weight in kilograms x 13.397) + (height in centimeters x 4.799) - (age in years x 5.677)

For females, Basal Metabolic Rate = 447.593 + (weight in kilograms x 9.247) + (height in centimeters x 3.098) - (age in years x 4.330)

Mifflin-St. Jeor Equation:

For men: BMR = (weight in kilograms x 10) + (height in centimeters x 6.25) - (age in years x 5) + 5

For women: BMR = (weight in kilograms x 10) + (height in centimeters x 6.25) - (age in years x 5) - 161

To use these formulas, you must know your weight in kilograms, height in centimeters, and age in years. Once you calculate your BMR, you can use it to estimate your daily calorie needs based on your activity level. Keep in mind that these formulas provide only an estimate and should be used as a starting point for determining your calorie needs.


How Many Calories Do You Need Every Day?

The number of calories you need every day depends on several factors, including your age, sex, weight, height, body composition, and activity level. Generally, the more active you are, the more calories you will need. Similarly, if you have a higher percentage of muscle mass, you may require more calories than someone with less muscle mass.

To get a rough estimate of how many calories you need, you can use the following guidelines:

Sedentary lifestyle: If you have a desk job and do not engage in regular exercise or physical activity, you may need around 1,600-2,000 calories per day.


Moderately active lifestyle: If you engage in light exercise or physical activity, such as walking or yoga, for 30-60 minutes per day, you may need around 2,000-2,400 calories per day.


Active lifestyle: If you engage in moderate to high-intensity exercise or physical activity for 60 minutes or more per day, you may need around 2,400-3,000+ calories per day.


Again, these are just rough estimates, and your actual calorie needs may vary based on your individual factors. It's always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to determine your specific calorie needs based on your health goals and lifestyle.

What is a Healthy BMR?

There is no specific range for a "healthy" BMR as it varies based on several factors, including age, sex, height, weight, and body composition. However, a BMR within the normal range for your age, sex, and body composition is generally considered healthy.

Your body composition influences your BMR, and having a higher proportion of muscle mass can result in a higher BMR. A BMR that is significantly higher or lower than what is expected based on your body composition and other factors may indicate an underlying health condition and may require medical evaluation.

It's important to note that a higher BMR does not necessarily mean better health, and it's important to focus on overall health and wellness rather than just the number of calories burned at rest. A balanced diet, regular physical activity, adequate sleep, and stress management are all essential components of a healthy lifestyle.

How to Use BMR to Lose Fat or to Gain Muscle?

You can use your BMR to lose fat or gain muscle by adjusting your calorie intake and physical activity levels.

To Lose Fat:


1.     Calculate your BMR using one of the formulas mentioned earlier.


2.     Determine your daily calorie needs based on your activity level and subtract 500 to 1000 calories per day from that number to create a calorie deficit.


3.     Maintain a balanced diet with various whole foods that include complex carbohydrates, healthy fats, and lean protein.  


4.     Incorporate regular exercise and strength training into your routine to burn calories and preserve muscle mass.


5.     Monitor your progress and adjust your calorie intake and activity level as needed.


To Gain Muscle:


1.     Calculate your BMR using one of the formulas mentioned earlier.


2.     Determine your daily calorie needs based on your activity level and add 250 to 500 calories per day to create a calorie surplus.


3.     Consume adequate amounts of protein, carbohydrates, and healthy fats to support muscle growth and recovery.


4.     Incorporate strength training exercises into your routine, focusing on progressive overload to challenge your muscles and promote growth.


5.     Rest and recover adequately to allow your muscles to repair and grow.


It is important to note that both fat loss and muscle gain take time and consistency. It is recommended to make gradual changes to your diet and exercise routine and to seek guidance from a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to ensure you are making safe and sustainable changes.


How Can You Change Your BMR?

Your BMR is primarily determined by factors such as age, sex, height, weight, and body composition, which are largely outside of your control. However, some lifestyle factors can impact your BMR, such as:


Muscle Mass: Muscle tissue is more metabolically active than fat tissue, which means that having more muscle can increase your BMR. Engaging in regular strength training exercises can help you build and maintain muscle mass.


Physical Activity: Regular physical activity can increase your BMR by burning calories and increasing muscle mass. Incorporating both cardiovascular and strength training exercises into your routine can help boost your BMR.


Diet: Your body requires energy to digest and absorb the nutrients in the food you eat, and this process can increase your BMR. Eating a diet that is high in protein and fiber can increase the thermic effect of food and boost your BMR.


Sleep: Lack of sleep or poor-quality sleep can negatively impact your BMR. Aim for 7-9 hours of sleep per night to promote optimal health and support a healthy BMR.

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What Is BMR?

What Is BMR?

bmr-ekran.pngIt is the daily minimum energy or calorie level when your body is at rest (including sleep) to work effectively. It is the sum of the amount of energy required for significant vital actions such as nerve functions, brain functions, cell renewal and growth, body temperature control, blood circulation, and breathing. The basic metabolic rate is 65-75% of the daily calorie consumption, and the remaining 25-35% is the daily physical activity.

Your BMR measurement can be used as the minimum basis for a diet program. Additional calories can be added depending on your activity level. The more active you are, youburn more calories and you build more muscle, so you need to make sure you consume enough calories to keep your body fit and healthy.


What Is RMR?


Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) is often used interchangeably with BMR, although there are slight differences between the two. RMR also refers to the calories burned at rest, but it is measured under slightly different conditions, such as after a short period of fasting and in a more relaxed state compared to BMR.


How Do You Measure RMR?


RMR can be measured using similar methods to BMR, including indirect calorimetry and predictive equations like the Mifflin-St Jeor equation, which takes into account age, gender, weight, and height. The goal is to estimate the number of calories your body needs to maintain basic functions while at rest and in a fasting state.


Similarities Between RMR and BMR


Both RMR and BMR represent the baseline number of calories your body requires at rest. They reflect the energy needed for vital bodily functions and maintaining essential organs such as the heart, brain, liver, and kidneys. Both RMR and BMR decrease with age and tend to be higher in individuals with more lean body mass.


Differences Between BMR and RMR


The main difference between BMR and RMR lies in the conditions under which they are measured. BMR is typically measured under strict criteria, such as a completely rested state and after an overnight fast. RMR, on the other hand, is measured under more relaxed conditions and may allow for a short fasting period before the measurement.


How to Use BMR and RMR to Improve Your Health


Knowing your BMR or RMR can be useful for several reasons:


1. Weight Management: Understanding your BMR or RMR can help you determine your daily calorie needs for weight maintenance, gain, or loss. By comparing your calorie intake to your metabolic rate, you can adjust your diet and exercise regimen accordingly.


2. Goal Setting: If your goal is to lose weight, you can create a calorie deficit by consuming fewer calories than your BMR or RMR. On the other hand, if you want to gain weight or build muscle, you can create a calorie surplus.


3. Nutritional Planning: Knowing your metabolic rate can guide you in making appropriate dietary choices. You can ensure that you are consuming enough nutrients to support your body's needs while avoiding excessive calorie intake.


4. Exercise Planning: Understanding your BMR or RMR can help you determine how many calories you burn during exercise. By combining this information with your daily calorie needs, you can create an exercise plan that aligns with your goals.




BMR and RMR represent the baseline calories your body needs to maintain vital functions at rest. While the measurement conditions may vary slightly, both provide valuable information for managing weight, setting goals, planning nutrition, and designing exercise programs. Understanding your metabolic rate can empower you to make informed decisions about your health and reach your desired outcomes.


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